[NEWS] As Corn Devours US Prairies, Green Groups Reconsider Biofuel
– July 27, 2016, Bloomberg
Environmentalists who once championed biofuels as a way to cut pollution are now turning against a US program that puts renewable fuels in cars, citing higher-than-expected carbon dioxide emissions and reduced wildlife habitat.
More than a decade after conservationists helped persuade Congress to require adding corn-based ethanol and other biofuels to gasoline, some groups regret the resulting agricultural runoff in waterways and conversion of prairies to cropland — improving the odds that lawmakers might seek changes to the program next year.
“The big green groups that got invested in biofuels are tacitly realising the blunder,” said Mr John DeCicco, a research professor at the University of Michigan Energy Institute who previously focused on automotive strategies at the Environmental Defence Fund. “It’s really hard for the people who really — shall we say — hate oil viscerally, to think that this alternative that we’ve been promoting is today worse than oil.”
The green backlash could give a boost to long-stalled congressional efforts to overhaul the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), including proposals to limit the amount of traditional, corn-based ethanol that counts toward the mandate, as environmentalists side with anti-hunger groups and even the oil industry in calling for change. The RFS forces refiners to blend steadily escalating amounts of biofuel into the gas supply. Most of the mandate is currently fulfilled by corn-based ethanol, which makes up nearly 10 per cent of US gasoline and provides oxygen that helps the fuel burn cleaner.